白小姐三肖选一肖

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物联网智慧家庭的自动控制方案解析

2016-12-12 17:35| 发布者: admin| 查看: 838| 评论: 0

WULIANWANG(IoT)GAINIANXINGQIQIAN,ZIDONGKONGZHI(Automation)YIJINGYOUXIANGDANGZHANGDEFAZHANLISHI,CONGGONGCHANG、BANGONGDALOU、FUSHUSHESHIDAOZHUJIA,DOUSHIZIDONGKONGZHIDEYINGYONGFANWEI。ZAOQIXIANGGUANYUANJIANBUJIANCHENGBEN、RUANYINGJIANZHENGHEJISHUMENJIANJIAOGAO,ZIDONGKONGZHIDUOBANJINCHUXIANZAIGONGCHANG、JIAODAXINGDESHANGBANDALOUHUOSHESHIDENGCHANGSUO,DUIYUJIATINGYINGYONGYIZHIWEINENGPUJI。

白小姐三肖选一肖JINNIANLAISUIZHEDICHENGBENGANCEYUKONGZHIYUANJIANDECHUXIAN、WANGLUOXIEQUJISHUDEPENGBOFAZHAN,HAIYOUGEZHONGZHINENGZHUANGZHIDEKUAISUPUJI,SHIDEIoTGAINIANBEITICHU,BUJINZHIHUIJIATINGPUJILUCHUSHUGUANG,DUIYUZHENGGEZIDONGKONGZHILINGYUYECHUXIANXINDEQIJI。DANBENGAISHIYIMAIXIANGCHENGDEZIDONGKONGZHIYUIoTLINGYU,YOUSHIGUANCHAQILAIQUECUNZAIZHEYIZHONG「DAIGOU」,YINCIBENWENJIANGCONGZIDONGKONGZHI、IoTDEYINGYONGXUQIU,TANTAOXIANGGUANJISHU、JIEJUEFANGANDEFAZHANQUSHI。

自动控制逐步向IP网络靠拢

XIANGXINJIAOZAOJINRUJIANZHUWUZIDONGKONGZHILINGYUDERENYINGGAIDOUDUIModbusXIEDINGBUMOSHENG,YOUModiconGONGSIYU1979NIANTICHUDEModbusXIEDINGYINWEIZILIAOGESHIJIANDANYIDONG,KUAISUDICHENGWEIZAOQIKONGZHIWANGLUODEGONGTONGBIAOZHUN。

白小姐三肖选一肖BAOHANModbusZAINEIDEZAOQIKONGZHIWANGLUO,ZAISHITICENGJUNSHIYONGYOUXIANXULIETONGXUN(Serial)DEXIANLUBIAOZHUNBUJIAN,JIAOWEICHANGJIANDESHIRS422YURS485LIANGZHONG。ZHEILEIXULIETONGXUNXUYAOZHUYIDEWENTIXIANGDANGDUO,ZHURUXUNHAOBENSHENDEWEIYUANLV(Baud-rate)、QI/OUHANSHUJIANCHA(Parity)、TINGZHIWEIYUAN(StopBit)YUXUNXIJIANDEJIANGESHIJIANDENG,HAIYOUXIANCAIDECAIZHI、ZHANGDU、JIAOXIANGUIGE、CHUANJIEFANGSHI、GANRAOGELIYUZHONGDUANDIANZUDENG,JUNKENENGDUITONGXUNPINZHIZAOCHENGYINGXIANG。ZHEIXIEYINSUYESHIDECHUANTONGXULIETONGXUNDEKONGZHIWANGLUOYOUJIAOGAODEBUJIAN、WEIHUCHENGBENYUSHIZUOJISHUMENJIAN。

白小姐三肖选一肖SUIZHEDIANNAOWANGLUOFAZHAN,TCP/IPZHUJIANCHENGWEIDIANNAOWANGLUOSHANGGONGTONGDETONGXUNXIEDINGJIAGOU,YIXIECHUANTONGDEKONGZHIWANGLUOYEJIANJIANFAZHANWEIYITCP/IPWEIJICHUDEJIAGOU。YINYINGZHEIYANGZIDEQUSHI,ModbusXIEDINGYEYOUYIWANGSHIYONGXULIETONGXUNDEModbusRTU,JINHUADAOSHIYONGEthernetDAPEITCP/IPTONGXUNXIEDINGJIAGOU,LIYONGCHUANSHUKONGZHIXIEYI(TCP)CHUANSHUCENGXIEDINGCHENGZAIYUANBENXULIETONGXUNNEIRONGDEModbusTCP。

BAIEthernetJIAGOUDEJIANDAN、WEIHUCHENGBENDILIANQIEZAIDIANNAOWANGLUOZHONGBEIDALIANGYINGYONGDENGYOUSHISUOCI,YUJIUYOUJIAGOUBIQILAI,ModbusTCPWUXUDANXINFUZADEXULIETONGXUNDEXUNHAO、XIANCAIGUIFAN,SHIDEBUJIANYUWEIHUDECHENGBEN、JISHUMENJIANJUNJIANGDIBUSHAO。

也因为使用TCP/IP通讯协定架构,可以使用网络层IP协定进行定址(Addressing)、选径(Routing),也使得ModbusTCP有较大范围的定址空间与支援较大型网域的能力。若搭配网络桥接器(Bridge),也可经由无线、电力线、光纤白小姐三肖选一肖等网络型态传输,让ModbusTCP适用于更复杂的网络环境(图1)。

图1传统的自动控制网络往TCP/IP协定架构靠拢后,能够与电脑网络、其他IoT网络整合,创造更多元化的应用。

另一方面,随着电子元件大量生产、成本降低,各种更贴近电脑网络,并标榜成本低廉、容易开发的感测器、控制器和相关整合架构如雨后春笋般出现。例如各种使用ZigBee、蓝牙低功耗(BLE)的微型感测器、Arduino、树莓派(RaspberryPi)等,其中也不乏大厂投入。这类解决方案都大量使用无线传输白小姐三肖选一肖、容易相容于电脑网络,并打着IoT的旗号,俨然成为新的兵家必争之地。

物联网促成自动控制软/硬件现代化

YAOJIANGOUYITAONENGYONGYUSHENGHUOZHOUZAO、CHUANLIANGEZHONGZHUANGZHIDEWANGLUO,YINWEIYAOZHANGSHIJIANWENDINGTIGONGFUWU,WUFABIMIANXUYAOKAOLIANGKEKAODUYUNENGYUANXIAOLV。YIZAIZIDONGKONGZHILINGYUBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGDEGELEIGONGYEGUIGEKONGZHIQI、GANCEQI,YINJIAGOUDANCHUNQIEJINGGUOZHANGSHIJIANCHANPINKAIFA,ZAIKEKAODUYUNENGYUANXIAOLVSHANGJIEYOUBUCUOBIAOXIAN。

BURUIoTSHIDAIHOU,YINYOUGENGDALIANGDETONGXUNXUQIU、GENGDUOYUANHUADETONGXUNNEIRONG、MOSHIYUGONGNENGYINGYONG,SHIDEKEKAODUYUNENGYUANXIAOLVYOUMIANLINXINTIAOZHAN。

白小姐三肖选一肖JIANLIBIAOZHUNHUA、ZHIYUANTIXIFENGFUDEJIAGOUHUOXUSHIBUCUODEFANGSHI,MUQIANKEYIGUANCHADAOYIXIERUAN/YINGJIANCHANGSHANGZHENGJIJICHAOZHEIGEFANGXIANGBUJU,LIRUPINGGUO(Apple)TUICHUDEHomeKit、GoogleZHUDAODEThreadGroup、YINGTEER(Intel)FAQIDEOCFIoTivityYUGAOTONG(Qualcomm)WEISHOUDEAllSeenAllJoynDENG,ZHEIXIEDOUSHIZHENDUIIoTTONGXUNXIEDINGJIAGOU(ProtocolStack)HAIYOUYINGYONGCHENGSHIZHIXINGHUANJING(ApplicationRuntime)TUICHUDEZHENGHEFUWUJIAGOU(Framework)JIEJUEFANGAN,SHENZHIYIJINGYOUBUFENKAISHISHANGPINHUA。

YOUZHENGHEDEFUWUJIAGOUJIEJUEFANGAN,ZUIFANGBIANDEMOGUOYURUANJIANKAIFAYUSHANGPINZHENGHE。RUANJIANKAIFARENYUANKEYIJIYUSUOTIGONGDEYINGYONGCHENGSHIJIEMIAN(API)KAIFAYINGYONGCHENGSHI,CHUKESHAOHUADIANXINSIZAIZHENGHEWENTIWAI,KEKAODUYUZIXUNANQUANDENGYEDEYIQUEBAO。

SHEBEICHANGSHANGZHIXUYAOZAIGANCEQI、KONGZHIQISHANGBUSHUSHIDANGDEFUWUJIAGOUBINGMANZUXIANGGUANDEGUIFAN,JIKERANGCHANPINYOUBUCUODEXIANGRONGXING。ERZAISHANGPINZHENGHEDEBUFEN,YOUXIANGRONGYUMOUZHONGFUWUJIAGOUDEBIAOSHI,DUIYUXIANGGUANRENYUANXUANZECHANPINJINXINGBUSHU,SHENZHISHIXIAOFEIZHEXUANGOU,DOUHUIGENGJIAFANGBIAN。

白小姐三肖选一肖CHUZHENGHEFUWUJIAGOUWAI,GENGWANGYINGJIANCENGMIANKAN,JIUSHIKONGZHIQI、GANCEQISUOSHIYONGDEWEIXINGCAOZUOXITONGLE。ZAOQIDECHANPINDUOBANSHIYONGCHANGSHANGZIXINGKAIFA,HUOSHIWEIYOURUANJIANCHANGSHANGKAIFADEFENGBISHIWEIXINGCAOZUOXITONG。JINNIANLAICHUXIANYIXIEJIYUUNIX-like、POSIXCAOZUOXITONGJIAGOUKAIFADEKAIFANGYUANSHIMAWEIXINGCAOZUOXITONG,LIRUMbed、Contiki、FreeRTOSDENG。

ZHEILEIXINGCAOZUOXITONGGONGNENGJIAOWEIDANCHUN,TONGSHIJIANXUZHIXINGDECHULICHENGXUYEBIYIBANDIANNAOSHAOHENDUO,DANXUKAOLVZILIAOCHULIDEJISHIXING,BUNENGYOUTAIDADEYANCHI。YINCICHUHEXIN、RUANJIANMOZUDEDANGANDAXIAODOUHENXIAOWAI,JIAGOUSHANGYESHIZHENDUIZHILINGJIJIAOWEIJINGJIANDEKONGZHIQIXINPIANSHEJIBINGZUIJIAHUA,QIEDUOCAIYONGSHIJIANCHUFADAOXIANG(Event-driven)、JISHICAOZUOXITONG(Real-timeOS)DENGGAINIANSHEJI,YIMANZUXUQIU。

JIUKONGZHIXINPIANDESHEJICENGMIAN,YECHUXIANXUDUOGENGSHENGDIAN、YOUYOUQIANGDAYUNSUANNENGLIDEXINPIAN,DAPEISHIDANGCAOZUOXITONG、FUWUJIAGOUYUYINGYONGCHENGSHI,DOUSHIWEILAIIoTPUJISUOXUDEZHONGYAOYUANSU。MUQIANRUAN、YINGJIANCHANGSHANG,SHENZHISHIKAIYUANSHEQUN,JIETOURUBUSHAOXINLIZAIZHENGHEJIEJUEFANGANSHANG,HEZUOBIDANDADUDOUDAILAIGENGDADELILIANG,TOUGUORUAN/YINGJIANZHENGHE、YOUHUA,JIANGRANGXINXINGTAIDEIoTGANCE、KONGZHIYUANJIANZAIKEKAODUYUNENGYUANXIAOLVSHANGGENGRONGYIDADAOSHIYONGXUQIU。

白小姐三肖选一肖BULUNSHIIoTHAISHIZIDONGKONGZHI,YUZHUANGZHITONGXUNSHIZUIJIBENDEDONGZUODOUSHIDUQU、XIERU,DUQUGANCEQIXIEQUDEZHI、KONGZHIQIDEKAIGUANZHUANGTAIHUOSHIZHUANGZHIDESHEDINGZHIDENG,DANGYOUKONGZHIXUQIUSHIXIERUKAIGUANZHUANGTAI、SHEDINGZHIDENG。MEIGEZHUANGZHIKESHIWEISHIYIGEYONGYOUDUOGESHUXINGZHIDESHITI。

白小姐三肖选一肖ZAOQIXIANGDANGLIUXINGDEModbusSHIYONGZANCUNQI(Register)DEGAINIANJINXINGGUANLI,MEIGEZHUANGZHISHANGYOUSHUGEZANCUNQI,MEIGEZANCUNQIDAIBIAOBUTONGDEKAIGUANZHUANGTAI、GANCEZHI、SHEDINGZHIDENG。DU/XIEZANCUNQISHANGDEZHIJIDAIBIAODUQUGANCEZHIHUOZHUANGTAI,HUOSHIKONGZHIKAIGUANDEZHUANGTAI、XIERUXINSHEDINGZHIDENGDONGZUO。ERZHUANGZHISHIZUOCENGMIANZHIXUJIANGGANCEQI、KAIGUANDENGZHUANGTAIYUZANCUNQIJINXINGDUIYING。

白小姐三肖选一肖TONGYANGDEGAINIANYEYINGYONGZAIBLESHANG,BLETIGONGATTXIEDING(AttributeProtocol)YUGATTJIAGOU(GenericAttributeProfile),MEIGEZHUANGZHIKEYIDINGYISHUGESHUXINGZHI,YONGDUXIESHUXINGZHIDEFANGSHIDADAOCUNQU、KONGZHIDEMUDE。

ZAIZILIAOKUYURUANJIANGONGCHENGLINGYUCHANGSHIYONGDAOERMOXING(Entity-RelationModel),ZHEIYANGDEGAINIANYEKETAOYONGZAIIoTZHONG,MEIYIGEZHUANGZHIKESHIWEIYIGESHITI(Entity),MEIGESHITIYONGYOURUOGANSHUXING(Attribute),ERZHEIXIESHITIYUSHUXINGJIANDEHUDONGGUANXI(Relation),JIUSHIIoTSUOSHIZUODE。

ZAIIoTDEGAINIANZHONG,JIANGYOUGENGDUOSHULIANG、GENGDUOZHONGLEIDEZHUANGZHITONGZAIWANGLUOSHANG,ZHEIYIWEIZHEIoTWANGLUOBIQICHUANTONGKONGZHIWANGLUO,XUYAOGENGDADEDINGZHIKONGJIANYUGENGQIANGDEDINGZHISHENZHISHIXUANJINGNENGLI,TONGSHIXUYAOZHIYUANGENGDUOYUANHUADEZILIAOXINGTAI(TU2)。

图2生活中一些常见的IoT应用装置与其属性范例

网络汇聚与资源管理

ZAIYONGYOUXUDUOZHUANGZHIDEIoTWANGLUOZHONG,KENENGHUIYOUDUOZHONGBUTONGDESHITIWANGLUOJIEMIAN,LIRUIEEE802.11、IEEE802.15、DIANLIXIANWANGLUODENG,RUHEHUIJUZHEIXIEWANGLUOJIANGCHENGWEIZHONGYAODEKETI。

白小姐三肖选一肖ZAIXIANCUNDELIANJIECENG(LinkLayer)JIEJUEFANGANZHONG,CHANGSHIYONGDEJIEJUEFANGSHIWEIJIANGBUTONGWANGLUOQIAOJIE(Bridge)QILAI,SHIDEBUTONGLEIXINGDEWANGLUOKEXINGCHENGLIANTONGDEWANGYU。DANDUIYUZHUANGZHITONGSHIYONGYOUDUOZHONGWANGLUOJIEMIAN、WANGLUOTUOPUJIAOWEIFUZADEWANGLUOHUANJING,JIUXUYAOYIXIEYIZHIWANGLUOZHENGHEFANGANDEXIEZHU。

JULILAISHUO,GAOTONGHy-FiJIEJUEFANGANSUOSHIZUODEIEEE1905.1JISHIYIZHONGYIZHIWANGLUOHUIJUDEXIEDING,TOUGUOCHOUXIANGLIANJIECENG(AbstractLayer)DEBANGZHU,RANGSHANGCENGJIAGOUGENGRONGYISHIZUO,BINGQIEDADAOGENGGAODEWANGLUOXIAOLV。

白小姐三肖选一肖ZAIWANGLUOCENG(NetworkLayer)DEBUFEN,SHIYONGIPWANGLUODEHAOCHUCHUQIANMIANSUOSHUDEYONGYOUGENGDADINGZHIKONGJIAN、JUYOULIANGHAODEXUANJINGNENGLI、RONGYIZHENGHEWAI,YEKEYISHIYONGRUIPSec、TLSDENGWANGLUOCENG、CHUANSHUCENG(TransportLayer)ANQUANJIZHI。ZHEIYESHI6LoWPANHUIXINGQIDEYUANYINZHIYI,6LoWPANWEIZHENDUIIEEE802.15CHENGYUANSHEJIDEQINGLIANGHUAWANGLUOCENGXIEDING,BIAOTOU(Header)JIAODUAN、QIEFUYUHENYOUDANXINGDEBIAOTOUDINGYIFANGSHI,SHIDE6LoWPANKEYIZAIBULANGFEIPINKUANZIYUANDEQINGKUANGXIAJUBEIRUIPWANGLUODEDINGZHI、XUANJINGGONGNENG,QIE6LoWPANBIAOTOUJUYOUKUOCHONGYUIPWANGLUOXIANGRONGDENENGLI,SHIDEYUZHENGGEQUYUWANGLUOZHENGHEYEXIANGDANGRONGYI。

ZAIXIACENGDOUZHENGHEDAOTCP/IPTONGXUNXIEDINGJIAGOUFANWEIHOU,SHENGXIADEJIUSHIYINGYONGCENG(ApplicationLayer)LE。JIYUIoTJIAGOU,DominiqueGuinardDENGRENYU2009NIANTICHUWoT(WebofThings)GAINIAN,XUDUOIoTDETONGXUNDOUJIANGHUIYIHTTP、JSONDENGXIEDINGJIAGOUXIAJINXING,BINGDAPEICoAP、MQTTHUOJSON-RPCZUOWEISHIJIANFASHENGSHIDETONGZHIXUNXITUIBOJIZHI。

MUQIANYIXIEZHENGHEFUWUJIAGOU,RUHomeKit、IoTivity、AllJoynDENGDOUTIGONGLEISIJIAGOU,ERXIANGGUANDEKONGZHIQICAOZUOXITONG,YETIGONGQINGLIANGDEHTTPSIFUQIYULIULANQIMANZUZHEIZHONGXUQIU。ZHEIGEXIANXIANGYEHUYINGLEQIANMIANSUOTIYONGSHUXINGZHIKANDAIMEIYANGDONGXIDEGAINIAN,ZAISHIYONGHTTPDANGZUOYINGYONGCENGXIEDINGDEQINGKUANGXIA,MEIYIGEZHUANGZHISHANGDEMEIYIGESHUXING,DOUKEYISHIYONGURI(UniversalResourceIndicator)JINXINGDINGZHI、CUNQU,ERJSONSHIYONGJINGJIANCHUNWENZIBIAODADUOZHONGZILIAOXINGTAIDEGAINIAN,YEZHENGHAOMANZULEIoTTONGXUNSUOXU(TU3)。

图3网络汇聚架构式意图,汇聚不同类型的网络技术,不仅能将各种装置都纳入网域中,也将让上层应用程式、管理机制等更容易开发。

结合云端改变图控软件

图形、视觉化的监看、控制介面对人类是最为直觉的。传统的自动控制,会将各个开关、感测器接到中控面板集中监控白小姐三肖选一肖,电脑化操作兴起后,这样的工作被电脑图控软件取代,使用视觉化图形介面让使用者对各个感测器、开关进行监控或设定一些条件动作、排程等。

白小姐三肖选一肖DANCHUANTONGDETUKONGRUANJIANYOUJIAOGAODECAIGOUYUKAIFACHENGBEN,QIEBIANHUADANXINGYEBUGAO,SUOYIYIZHIYILAITUKONGRUANJIANJIEYOUSHAOSHURUANJIANCHANGSHANGZHANGWO,ZAIIoTJIAGOUZHONGGENGSHIXIANSHAOTINGDAOYOURENTICHUANTONGDETUKONGRUANJIAN。

DANTUXINGHUACAOZUOJIEMIANDEXUQIURENGRANSHICUNZAIDE,QIANMIANTIDAODEWoTGAINIANTIGONGYIGEHENHAODEQIERUDIAN。WANGYE,DONGTAIWANGYE、LIULANQIDUANWANGYECHENGSHI、WANGYEMEIGONGDENGLINGYURUSHOUJIAOWEIJIANDANQIEYOUGUANGDADEKAIFA??ZHE,CANKAOZILIAO、GELEISUCAI、YINGYONGCHENGSHIJIEMIANYEFEICHANGFENGFU,QIEWANGYEKEZAIDABUFENRENJIHUDONGZHUANGZHISHANGCHENGXIAN。

白小姐三肖选一肖WoTJIAGOUDENGYUSHIYONGKAIFAWANGYEDEGAINIANLAIKAIFAIoTSHIYONGZHEJIEMIAN,KESHIYONGSONGCHUURIDEFANGSHIYAOQIUDUQUMOUGEKAIGUANZHUANGTAIHUOGANCEQI、GAIBIANKAIGUANZHUANGTAI。JIEXIZHUANGZHIDUANHUICHUANDEJSONZILIAO,CHUNENGGOUQUDEMOUGESHUXINGZHIWAI,GENGKEYITOUGUOFENGFUDESHIJUEHUATAOJIANYIKUXUANDEFANGSHICHENGXIAN。ZHEIXIETEXINGDOUZUYIRANGWANGYEJIEMIANQUDAICHUANTONGDETUKONGRUANJIAN。

白小姐三肖选一肖LINGWAIYIDAHAOCHUJIUSHIKEYIQINGSONGZHENGHEYUNDUANJIEMIAN(API),MUQIANXUDUOYUNDUANFUWUYEDOUSHIYIHTTP、JSONDENGGONGTONGXINGHENGAODEJIZHIDANGZUOCHUANSHUXIEDINGYUZILIAOGESHI。JIEHEYUNDUANFUWUDEHAOCHUCHUKEYONGGENGDUOZHONGZHUANGZHI,HUOSHIZAIYUANDUANCUNQUIoTWANGLUOSHANGDEZHUANGZHIWAI,HAIKEYITOUGUOYUNDUANTIGONGRUNENGYUANGUANLI、JIANKANGZHAOHU、ANQUANJIANKONG、WUYEGUANLIDENGDENGFUWU,RANGIoTDEYINGYONGGENGJIAGUANGFAN(TU4)。

图4IoT设备端拥有与电脑网络相同的通讯协定架构,并搭配具IoT概念的网关,将有助于整合区域网络端各种设备,并介接云端服务。

BENWENCONGTONGXUNXUQIUWEICHUFADIAN,CONGZIDONGKONGZHIDAOIoT、CONGDULIKONGZHIWANGLUODAOZHENGHEQUYUWANGLUO,TANTAOIoTDEFAZHANMAILUO。ZAIKEYUJIANDEWEILAI,JUYOUIoTDEZHUANGZHIHUIGENGJIAPUJI,LIANWANGJISHUYUWANGJIWANGLUOJIEQUFANGSHIYEJIANGQUYUDUOYUANHUA,YUNDUANFUWUSHICHANGYEHUIQUYUCHENGSHU。

RUCIDEZHENGTIJIAGOUXIA,WANGGUAN(Gateway)DEJIAOSEYEBIYIQIANGENGJIAZHONGYAO,YIWANGWANGGUANZHUYAOTIGONGQUYUWANGLUONEIDEDIANNAOHUOZHUANGZHICUNQUWANGJIWANGLUO,YOUIoTHOU,WANGGUANJIANGBANYANQIZHENGHEBUTONGZHUANGZHI、BUTONGLEIXINGWANGLUO,BINGTIGONGZHENGHEGUANLI、YUNDUANWANGJIFUWUJIEQUDENGFUWUDEJIAOSE。

CONGZUIZAODEZIDONGKONGZHI,DAOXIANZAIDEIoT,BENZHISHANGYOUXUDUODIFANGXIANGSI,DOUSHIYISHUXINGZHIKANDAIMEIGEZHUANGZHI,BINGQIEDUIYUZHEIXIEZHUANGZHI、SHUXINGJIAYIDINGZHI、GUANLI。YINCI,ZAIZAOQI??DEZIDONGKONGZHIYUXIANZAIDEIoTZHIJIAN,「DAIGOU」QISHIBINGBUCUNZAI,MOUXIECHENGDUSHANGLAISHUOIoTSHENZHISHIZIDONGKONGZHIDEJIUPINGXINZHUANG,DANGRANQIZHONGYOUTIANJIAYIXIEXINGAINIAN。

GELEIGONGJUYUJISHUFAZHANDECHUFADIANWUFEISHIXIWANGDUIYUSHIYONGZHEKEYIGENGFANGBIANSHIYONG,DUIYUKAIFAZHE、YINGYUNZHENENGGOUFANGBIANKAIFA、WEIHU。XIANCUNDEIoTJIEJUEFANGANDAZHISHANGBAOZHUANGDAOYINGYONGCENGDIBU,KAIFAZHEKEQINGSONGJIYUZHEIXIEJIEJUEFANGANKAIFAYINGYONGCHENGSHI,SHIYONGZHEYEKEYINCIXIANGSHOUGENGFANGBIANDEGONGNENG。

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